Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but often also for lounging,[2] also by each sexes.[3] More generally, pajamas may refer to various garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of style and substance.

The phrase pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, and also the British affect on the broader Western earth through the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they soon fell outside of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is employed by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good several others within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London shops. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some zenske pidzame on forty yrs in the past, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was in some cases the situation with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."[10]


Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix crafted from comfortable fabric, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component generally has a placket entrance and zenske pidzame its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals choose to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but from the early 20-initial century These are rather unusual.
Modern day

Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are zenske pidzame prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.

Although pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got sometimes integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume major over shorts or short pants.[18]

Pajamas may these days make reference to Females's mixture daywear, especially in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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